Before traveling to Tanzania or to climb Mount Kilimanjaro, you should make sure that all of your relevant vaccinations and immunizations are up to date.
www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk is a very useful website that has plenty of advice on the major travel health issues and considerations for Mount Kilimanjaro and Tanzania. Kilimanjaro Tours strongly recommends that you speak to your GP and seek their advice as to which vaccinations you should have before traveling to Tanzania. You can never be too careful and it would be a shame for your trip to be curtailed or disrupted due to an illness that could have been prevented.
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Proof of immunization against certain diseases e.g Yellow Fever must be provided to gain entry into Tanzania. Your GP will be able to advise on the current situation.
The following vaccines may be recommended for your travel to East Africa. Discuss your travel plans and personal health with your GP to determine which vaccines you will need.
Transmission of the Hepatitis A virus can occur through direct person-to-person contact; through exposure to contaminated water, ice, or shellfish harvested in contaminated water; or from fruits, vegetables, or other foods that are eaten uncooked and that were contaminated during harvesting or subsequent handling.
Hepatitis B can be contracted especially if you are exposed to blood or body fluids (for example, health-care workers), have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment.
Malaria is always a serious disease and may be a deadly illness. Humans get malaria from the bite of a mosquito infected with the parasite. The risk of Malaria is high in all countries in East Africa including Tanzania, this includes the cities. A course of anti-malarial tablets, which are taken before, during and after your trip is the normal medication.
Some countries in the region experience epidemics of Meningococcal disease between December and June.
Pre-exposure vaccination if you might have extensive unprotected outdoor exposure in rural areas. Such exposure might occur during camping, hiking, or cycling, or engaging in certain occupational activities.
Typhoid can be contracted through contaminated drinking water or food, or by eating food or consuming drinks that have been handled by a person who is infected. Large outbreaks are most often related to contamination of water supplies or foods sold by street vendors.
Yellow Fever is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Yellow Fever vaccination is a requirement to enter Tanzania.
Boosters for Tetanus, Diphtheria, Measles, and Polio are all advisable before travelling.